A groin strain occurs when the adductor muscles, the major muscles that extend from the pubic bone to the inside of the thigh, are stretched, torn or ruptured.
Groin strains can be caused by overuse or sudden contraction of the adductor muscle. They are common in athletes, particularly runners, martial artists, and basketball, soccer and hockey players, who make sudden stops or turns, jump to catch a ball, or land after a jump, and can be triggered by inadequate warm-ups, poor technique, or from a blow to the groin.
People who suffer from groin strains experience symptoms that range from very mild to severe and debilitating. Grade 1 strains are mild and may not limit physical activity. Grade 2 sprains cause moderate discomfort and limit running and jumping. Grade 3 strains cause pain with any activity and could also include these symptoms:
- A stabbing pain in the groin
- Swelling and/or bruising
- Inability to move the leg inward or across the front of your body
- Loss of upper leg strength with certain movements
- Muscle spasms
If you have any of these symptoms, consult with a hip specialist at Lancaster Orthopedic Group. He or she will assess your injury and identify other conditions that could be contributing to your discomfort.
Conservative treatments for groin strain include rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medication, and wearing a groin compression wrap to support the muscle while it heals. Physical therapy will help ensure that the muscle regains its pre-injury level of strength and flexibility.