A degenerative disease is a disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs will progressively deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise. They are characterized by chronic pain and limited mobility. Common causes of this disease are aging, inflammation, previous injury, and congenital defects. Depending on the type and severity of the disorder or disease, treatment can range from simple rest to surgical intervention.
Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. The carpal tunnel - a narrow, rigid passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand - houses the median nerve and tendons. Sometimes, thickening from irritated tendons or other swelling narrows the tunnel and causes the median nerve to be compressed. The result may be pain, weakness, or numbness in the hand and wrist, radiating up the arm.
Not actually a disease, degenerative disc disease is a normal aging process through wear and tear on the spine resulting in dehydration of the disc. The disc looses its ability to act as a shock absorber for the spine, causing back or even leg pain. Once a disc is injured, it cannot repair itself, and a spiral of degeneration can set in.
Degenerative scoliosis is a distortion of the spinal column. It can have different forms and different causes. It is to be distinguished between the scoliosis that occurs in youth. The main cause of degenerative scoliosis is the wearing of the spinal discs with associated intervertebral disc height reduction, leading to instability of the spinal column.
The facet joints are the joint structures that connect the vertebrae to one another. Facet Disease is caused by the cartilage in the joints being worn down as a result of wear and tear, aging, injury or misuse. This type of injury to the spine can be attributed to arthritis of the spine, work, over-use or an accident.
One of the most commonly injured parts of the knee, the meniscus, is a wedge-like rubbery cushion where the major bones of your leg connect. A strong stabilizing tissue, the meniscus helps the knee joint carry weight, glide and turn in many directions. It also keeps your femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone) from grinding against each other. Many athletes who play a contact sport may tear their meniscus by twisting or decelerating their knee, but many older people can injure the meniscus without any trauma as the cartilage weakens and wears thin over time, setting the stage for a degenerative tear.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative process where the cartilage in the joint gradually wears away, and often affects middle-age and older people. Osteoarthritis may be caused by excess stress on the joint such as repeated injury or being overweight.
Osteoporosis occurs when bone mass is less than one would expect for the average person of a specific age. Osteoporosis can have many causes. The reduction of the female hormone estrogen after menopause is the most common.
A chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder that most typically affects the small joints in your hands and feet. Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.
The rotator cuff is comprised of the muscles and tendons that surround the top of the upper arm bone (humerus) and hold it in the shoulder joint. A tear may result suddenly from a single traumatic event or develop gradually because of repetitive overhead activities. Degeneration due to aging, including a reduction in the blood supply to the tendon can be the cause of a rotator cuff tear.
A degenerative condition of the tendon fibers attached to the bony "outer" portion of the elbow. The tendons affected fasten the muscles that allow you to extend or lift the wrist and hand. Repetitive and rigorous use of the forearm muscles, such as playing tennis, may result in deterioration of the involved tendons. The result is often a severe, burning pain in the outside part of the elbow.